victory in the general election and was elected president in what has been called a stunning comeback of a political dynasty. Photo Credit: Getty Images / BBC News Ayatollah Khomeini, the supreme leader and spiritual leader of Iran. Iranian religious leader phone database Khomeini () and Shah Pahlavi Ruhollah Khomeini is an Iranian religious leader. He opposed and overthrew the pro-Western regime of King Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi and created what is known today as the Islamic Republic. The struggle related to the foundation of the nation and the future direction of the country, both faced the punishment of exile. Pahlavi's struggle to find a safe haven serves
as a warning to other leaders considering a passive exit strategy. Khomeini was exiled in 1964 for his undisguised and outspoken resistance to the authorities, first in Turkey, Iraq and then in France. There he called on his supporters to overthrow the Pahlavi regime. However, Pahlavi has become increasingly unpopular at home, with riots, strikes and demonstrations breaking out across Iran. In January 1979, his government was overthrown and he and his family fled overseas. _ Photo Credit: Getty Images / BBC News Former Shah of Iran Pahlavi
On February 1 of the same year, Khomeini returned home triumphantly, and the reporters who flew back to Iran with him remember that everyone was worried that the plane would be shot down. The BBC's international affairs correspondent, John Simpson, was also on the plane. After returning home, Khomeini won a landslide victory in the referendum and was established as Iran's political and religious leader. King Pahlavi and Queen Farah flew first to Aswan, Egypt. Official reports say the king and his wife are abroad for "holidays" and medical treatment.